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Birds of the Archer

BIRDS OF THE ARCHER

GALAHS (36cm)
Galahs have a bouncing acrobatic flight and spend much of the day sheltering from the heat in trees. They can congregate in noisy flocks and roost together at night. The feed on ground or low foliage. They can travel large distances in search of feeding grounds.  Conservation Status: Secure





SULPHUR-CRESTED COCKATOO (48cm)
The raucous screech of the Cockatoo is well known! Being a gregarious species they spend much of their time in flocks. Their normal diet includes berries, seeds, nuts and roots. They can be seen biting off smaller branches which
may help to keep their bills trimmed.  Conservation Status: Secure








AUSTRALIAN KING PARROT (42 cm)
The King Parrot prefers to fly below tree level
weaving in and out of trees. The male has a red
head and the female has a green head and
breast. They are normally found in pairs or
family groups. They forage for seeds and fruit.
Conservation status: Secure




LITTLE CORELLA (38cm)
Little Corellas are quite playful and can be seen
hanging upside down and sliding down roofs.
They feed in large noisy groups and need to
drink daily. They mainly feed on grains and
grass seeds and sometimes fruit.
Conservation status: Secure




YELLOW-TAILED BLACK COCKATOO (60cm)
It favours eucalypt woodlands and pine
plantations. It feeds in noisy flocks mainly on
seeds and pine cones and sometimes insects. It
nests in tree hollows lined with wood chip.
Usually only one chick survives and it stays with
the parents for 6 months
Conservation Status: Secure in Qld but in
decline due to loss of habitat

RAINBOW LORIKEET (30 cm)
They are often seen in loud fast moving flocks.
They forage on flowers to harvest nectar and
pollen but also eat fruits, seeds and insects.
They are laregly sedentary but may move in
response to seasonal flowering plants.
Conservation Status: Secure and benefiting
from growth in flowering shrubs



PALE-HEADED ROSELLA (31 cm)
These are found in lightly wooded areas with
grassy understoreys and also near
watercourses. They feed mainly at ground level
on seeds and grasses but also some insects and
their larvae. They prefer to feed in the shade.
And often nest in tree hollows near water.
Conservation status: Secure




CRIMSON ROSELLA (34 cm)
It is often found in eucalpt forests and
encountered in small flocks. They can easily be
attracted to seed trays. Natural foods include
seeds, grasses, insects and some tree
blossoms. They nest in hollows high in trees.
Conservation Status: Secure




KOOKABURRA (42 cm)

They feed on insects, worms, small snakes, frogs and mammals.
They seize their prey by pouncing from a perch and if the prey is large
they will kill it by bashing it on the ground. It is believed that they pair
for life. Their ‘laugh’ is a territorial call to warn other birds to stay
away.
Conservation status: Secure



SACRED KINGFISHER (22 cm)

They live in eucalyptus and melaleuca areas and forage for reptiles,
insects and sometimes fish. They are solitary and only pair for the
breeding period with both sexes incubating the eggs and caring for
the young
Conservation status: Secure





PIED BUTCHERBIRD (36 cm)

All butcherbirds are aggressive feeders with a large bill, eating
reptiles, mammals, frogs and birds. They swoop on the prey from a
perch and may hunt in a group. It has a beautiful flute like call.
Conservation status: Secure






PIED CURRAWONG (46 cm)

The currawong is seen alone except in breeding seasons when you
see large flocks. It has a distinctive yellow eye and has a loud ringing
call. It feeds on fruit, small birds, lizards and insects.
Conservation status: Secure - voracious nest predators responsible
for the decline in some smaller birds
BIRDS OF THE ARCHER





WHISTLING KITES (55 cm)

A medium size raptor that nests in tall trees. Soars high looking for
prey such as carrion, small mammals, birds, fish and insects. They
appear to be monogamous with pairs remaining in the same territory.
It has a loud descending whistle.
Conservation status: Secure




PHEASANT COUCAL ( 60cm)

This is the only Australian cuckoo to build its own nest, nesting on the
ground. It has a distinctive oop-oop-oop call. They pair for life. They
prefer dense tall grasses and sedges and thickets such as lantana.
They feed on insects, frogs and eggs and young of birds
Conservation status: Secure in Qld





BRUSH TURKEY (70 cm)

They feed on insects, fruit and seeds and can be seen raking through
leaf litter. The male builds a large mound and eggs are incubated by
the heat from the rotting vegetation. The male checks that the
temperature is constant (33-38C) by adding and removing matter,
Chicks can fend for themselves on birth.
Conservation status: Secure but classified as ‘threatened’ in Qld





BUSH STONE CURLEW (55 cm)

You may hear their eerie high-pitched wail at night which is a contact
call often involving several birds. They are mainly nocturnal and
ground-dwelling. They have a remarkable courtship dance
accompanied by constant calling. They are carnivorous feeding from
the ground and can travel large distances.
Conservation status: Secure in Qld but endangered in NSW & Vic




MASKED LAPWING (36cm)

A ground dwelling bird also known as ‘plover’ that fiercely protects its
nest, diving on intruders who go near their young. Both sexes
incubate and care for the young. They usually feed alone or in pairs
and eat mainly insects and worms just below the ground surface.
Conservation status: Secure






CRESTED PIGEON (32 cm)

This pigeon has a distinctive crest and whistling sound on take-off. It
needs to drink each day and is found in lightly wooded grasslands
near water. It feeds on scattered seeds often in groups.
Conservation status: Secure





DOUBLE-BARRED FINCH (11 cm)
They prefers grassy woodland and open forests. They are nomadic
and feed on the ground on seeds as well as insects. They can be
seen flitting around shrubs. They build rounded nests in shrubs or
even in the eves of buildings.
Conservation status: Secure





BLUE-FACED HONEY EATER (31 cm)

This honey-eater starts its call before sunrise. As well as nectar and
fruit it feeds on insects and invertebrates. They often feed in pairs or
flocks and exclude other birds from the feeding area. They often use
the abandoned nests of other birds. They are distinguished by their
blue face mask.
Conservation status: Secure





SCARLET HONEYEATER (10 cm)
This honey eater likes open woodlands with water nearby. It mainly
feeds on nectar and sometimes fruit and insects. The males have the
vivid scarlet colour while females are largely brown. The males have
a tinkling song which they perform from a perch.
Conservation status: Secure





EASTERN YELLOW ROBIN (16 cm)

These start performing their high bell-like call at dawn. They prefer a
low perch where they can scan for insects and spiders. They mainly
feed alone or in pairs. They are inquisitive and usually confident with
people.
Conservation status: Secure





COMMON MYNA (25 cm)

This bird was introduced into Qld cane fields in 1883 to combat cane
beetles. They are scavengers feeding on almost anything. They
mate for life and their nests are messy and made from leaves grasses
and rubbish. There are often battles for desired nesting sites.
Conservation status: This is an invasive pest which governments are
trying to control



DOLLARBIRD (28 cm)

In flight silvery coin shapes are visible on the wings. The birds live in
PNG and migrate to Australia to breed from September to March.
The same nest is used from year to year. They feed on flying insects
which they capture in aerial pursuits.
Conservation status: Status





PLUMED WHISTLING-DUCK (50 cm)

It is known for its loud sibilant whistle congregating near water holes
in the day feeding on grasses. It seems they pair for life with both
sexes sharing incubation.
Conservation status: Secure and benifiting from increase in dams
It is known for its loud sibilant whistle congregating near water holes
in the day feeding on grasses. It seems they pair for life with both
sexes sharing incubation.
Conservation status: Secure and benifiting from increase in dams



AUSTRALIAN WOOD DUCK (47 cm)

Flocks chatter when feeding, females calling with a long loud call and
males a shorter higher pitch. They feed mainly on grasses with some
insects. They seem to pair for life with both sexes sharing feeding
and care of young up to about a month after fledging.
Conservation status: Secure





PACIFIC BLACK DUCK (55cm)

Strangely this duck is predominantly brown. It does have a black
stripe from its bill across to behind its eye. It feeds mainly on seeds
and some aquatic insects and crustaceans which it ‘duck-dives’ for. It
has a complex courting ritual.
Conservation status: Secure



YELLOW THORNBILL (10 cm)

It mainly feeds on insects with some seeds. The breeding pairs
sometimes have ‘helpers’ with feeding the young. Their nest is in the
upper branches of trees.
Consevation status: Secure






BROWN THORNBILL (10 cm)

It is found in shrubby areas and gardens feeding mainly on insects
around and under shrubs. The females incubates the eggs and both
parents feed the young.
Conservation status: Secure but preyed on by cats






WELCOME SWALLOW (15 cm)

It is distinguisable by the rusty colouring on the forehead and throat.
They feed mainly on insects which they catch in flight and use bristles
on the sides of their mouth to guide their food into their mouth while
flying.
Conservation status: Secure




WILLIE WAGTAIL (20 cm)

They are the most wellknown of the fantails and are distinguished by
the wagging of the tail. They are often seen near sheep and cattle
snatching the insects as they are disturbed. They build intricate nests
of grass, hair, fur with spiderweb on the outside.
Conservation status: Secure




GREY FANTAIL (15cm)

It is recognised by its ascending tinkling whistle, fanned tail and quick
agile arial flitting. Feeds on flying insects. They are capable of long
flights some regularly flying across Bass Strait.
Conservation status: Secure in Qld but critically endangered in NT




NOISY FRIARBIRD (34 cm)
It is one of the honeyeaters and is recognised by its deep sharp
discordant sound and the bump on its bill. They mainly eat nectar and
fruit and can be a pest in orchards. They sometines eat eggs and
baby birds. They form long-term pairs which defend the nest and
young.
Conservation status: Secure




PEACEFUL DOVE (22 cm)

Distinguised by black and white barring around the neck, they are
found in pairs and fly close to the ground. They feed on seeds and
some insects on the ground and need to be close to water to drink
each day. They roost in trees and both parents feed the young.
Conservation status: Secure




BAR-SHOULDERED DOVE (28 cm)
They are smaller than the peaceful dove and have a distinctive
blueish head and neck. Usually they are found in pairs or groups
foraging at ground level for seeds and rhizomes. As for other doves
the young are fed with ‘crop milk’ and both parents care for the young.
Conservation status: Secure



SPOTTED DOVE (30 cm)

They are distinguished by the black collar with white spots. It was
introduced into Australia from Asia and is largely found around urban
areas where it forages for seeds and scraps. Its nest is a loose
platform of sticks.
Conservation status: Introduced species








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